Keywords: Android NDK Toolchains

LLVM is an umbrela project now, and it contains multiple modular and reusable compiler and toolchain technologies. You can check more details at The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure.

For Android NDK, llvm became the default toolchain since r13b and gcc was removed since r18b.

According to toolchains directory toolchains/llvm/prebuilt/darwin-x86_64, llvm supports all the ABIs, i.e. x86, x86_64, arm, arm64.

Probably there will be only one llvm directory under toolchains directory in future NDK releases when all the gcc related tools, headers and libs are completely ported to llvm.


Just did a quick test on different NDK revisions to check the configurations for --gcc-toolchain and --sysroot which are for cross compilation.

On r16b
On r17c
On r18b
On r19b

As seen above, before NDK r19b, NDK uses clang compiler but the --gcc-toolchain and --sysroot are configured as the older paths for build tools, headers and libs.

But, since NDK r19b, the --gcc-toolchain and --sysroot are configured as the new tool chains llvm, i.e. toolchains/llvm/prebuilt/darwin-x86_64, and the tools (e.g. ranlib, ar, strip, etc) header files and libraries of “llvm version” will be used.

Also, note that toolchains/llvm/prebuilt/darwin-x86_64 contains the support for all the Android ABIs, i.e. aarch64-linux-android for arm64-v8a, arm-linux-androideabi for armeabi-v7a, i686-linux-android for x86, x86_64-linux-android for x86_64.

So, you can try out the NDK r19b if you want to purely use llvm toolchains.


Android NDK path variable for “strip” command in CMake build tool chain

How to set build environment variables to use Clang as part of NDK?