Keywords: UE4, Tick Function Notes

Enable & Disable Tick

In constructor:

// Activate ticking in order to update the cursor every frame.
PrimaryActorTick.bCanEverTick = true;
PrimaryActorTick.bStartWithTickEnabled = true;
RegisterComponent() must be executed before AttachToComponent()

If a Component created by NewObject<>() at run-time, RegisterComponent() must be executed before AttachToComponent(), otherwise TickComponent() would not be triggered on attaching finished.

ResisterComponent() only need to execute when using NewObject to create Component, Component created by SpawnActor() or ConstructorHelpers doesn’t need to execute it.

Trigger of BeginPlay() and Tick()

BeginPlay() and Tick() would be triggered if an Actor created by NewObject<>() before it’s added to scene(GameWorld), even PrimaryActorTick.bCanEverTick = true; was executed.

How to set callback function of next tick
GetWorld()->GetTimerManager().SetTimerForNextTick(FTimerDelegate::CreateUObject(this, &AMyCharacter::TestCallback));
How to enable Tick function in Editor

Tick() will only be executed at game run-time by default, if you want to execute Tick() in Editor, do that in the following way:

For Actor:
Override ShouldTickIfViewportsOnly(), and return true, return value is false by default.

bool Actor::ShouldTickIfViewportsOnly() const
{
    return true;
}

For ActorComponent:
Has bTickInEditor set be true to trigger TickComponent(), it’s false by default.

Even you have done it in above way, Tick() will only trigger when open Actor Blueprint in editor, it would not be triggered at Editor startup.

Reduce tick frequency

CPP:

//Component
PrimaryComponentTick.TickInterval = 1.0f;

//Actor
PrimaryActorTick.TickInterval = 1.0f;

BP Node:

Set Actor Tick Interval

Reference:
https://forums.unrealengine.com/development-discussion/c-gameplay-programming/59936-reduce-component-tick-frequency

Tick Issues

GameThread time cost increased heavily

Found on 2019-02-16.

UE4 Editor bug: GameThread time cost increased heavily when there’re some uninitialized properties in Blueprint.

Problem:
there’re some Object Reference type properties in Blueprint that are uninitialized, e.g. ParticleComponent, and these properties are referenced in Tick Function of Blueprint, when game running, GameThread time cost increased heavily.

Solution:
Remove those uninitialized properties in Blueprint.

Tick doesn’t work while SetActorTickInterval and SetGlobalTimeDilation

Issue:

if SetActorTickInterval(1.f / 30); and UGameplayStatics::SetGlobalTimeDilation(GetWorld(), 0.f);, AActor::Tick() would not work at all.


The advantage of a bad memory is that one enjoys several times the same good things for the first time. ― Friedrich Nietzsche